25N-NBOMe (2C-N-NBOMe, NBOMe-2C-N) represents a derivative of the hallucinogenic compound 2C-N. Although the scientific literature has not extensively explored the pharmacological properties 25N-NBOMe, it is believed to operate similarly to its related counterparts, such as 25I-NBOMe and 25C-NBOMe. These related compounds are recognized as potent agonists at the 5HT2A receptor. Notably, 25N-NBOMe has been circulated as a street drug and has solely been documented in terms of identification through forensic analysis.
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NBOMe substances are commonly associated with severe and life-threatening toxicity, often leading to fatal consequences. Extensive studies on the NBOMe family of compounds have revealed their potential neurotoxic and cardiotoxic effects. Individuals exposed to NBOMe compounds frequently exhibit symptoms of autonomic dysfunction, including vasoconstriction, hypertension, tachycardia, and hallucinations. Additionally, the toxidrome associated with NBOMe intake encompasses a range of alarming symptoms, such as agitation, seizures, hyperthermia, and hypertonia, sometimes culminating in fatalities. Researchers have noted that NBOMe intoxication often manifests signs of serotonin syndrome, with a higher propensity for inducing seizures than other psychedelics.
NBOMe and NBOHs are frequently passed off as LSD and distributed on blotter papers, characterized by a bitter taste and distinct safety profiles. Despite their high potency, recreational doses of LSD have exhibited minimal instances of acute toxicity. Tragic fatalities related to NBOMe ingestion suggest that many individuals unknowingly consumed the substance, mistaking it for LSD. Researchers have warned that individuals familiar with LSD may mistakenly assume a false sense of security when ingesting NBOMe. While most fatalities are attributed to the physical effects of the drug, there have been reports of deaths resulting from self-harm and suicide under the influence of the substance.
Due to limited documentation of NBOMe consumption, the long-term effects of the substance remain largely unknown. Notably, NBOMe compounds are not active when taken orally. They are typically administered sublingually : 3 . Users often experience numbness of the tongue and mouth, followed by a distinct metallic chemical taste, which researchers consider a crucial distinguishing factor between NBOMe compounds and LSD.
Neurotoxic and cardiotoxic actions of NBOMe compounds primarily stem from their potent agonist activity at various 5-HT receptors. Prolonged activation of 5-HT2B has been linked to the development of cardiac valvulopathy, implicating these compounds in drug-induced valvular heart disease. The high affinity of NBOMe compounds for adrenergic α1 receptors contributes to their stimulant-like cardiovascular effects.
In vitro studies have demonstrated the cytotoxicity of 25C-NBOMe on various neuronal cell lines and cardiomyocytes, revealing its potential for damaging brain and heart health. Additionally, 25C-NBOMe, along with its derivative 25D-NBOMe, has shown adverse effects on the development of zebrafish, rats, and Artemia salina, underscoring the need for further research on its implications for human health and development.
Without specific antidotes for NBOMes, acute intoxication is managed through symptomatic treatments, including benzodiazepines, antipsychotic drugs, and antiarrhythmic agents such as beta blockers. Specific interventions are also employed to address rhabdomyolysis, which can lead to critical complications like metabolic acidosis and acute kidney injury.
United States: 25N-NBOMe is prohibited in Alabama, making its possession and use illegal.
Hungary: In Hungary, 25N-NBOMe is also classified as illegal, and its sale, possession, and consumption are forbidden by law.
Sweden: The Riksdag in Sweden included 25N-NBOMe in the Narcotic Drugs Punishments Act, categorizing it under Swedish Schedule I. This places it among substances, plant materials, and fungi without recognized medical usage. The regulation, outlined in LVFS 2014:11 by the Medical Products Agency (MPA), officially designates 25N-NBOMe as 2-(2,5-dimethoxy-4-nitrophenyl)-N-(2-methoxybenzyl)ethanamine.
United Kingdom: Within the United Kingdom, 25N-NBOMe is classified as a Class A drug due to the N-benzyl phenethylamine catch-all provision within the Misuse of Drugs Act of 1971, making its possession, sale, and use illegal under British law.
1. What is 25N-NBOMe?
25N-NBOMe, also known as 2C-N-NBOMe or NBOMe-2C-N, is a derivative of the hallucinogenic substance 2C-N. It’s part of a group of synthetic drugs known for their psychedelic effects, acting as potent agonists at the 5HT2A receptor.
2. How does 25N-NBOMe affect the body?
While the specific pharmacological properties of 25N-NBOMe haven’t been extensively documented in scientific literature, it’s believed to have similar effects to related compounds like 25I-NBOMe and 25C-NBOMe. These substances are known to be potent agonists at the 5HT2A receptor, leading to hallucinogenic experiences.
3. Is 25N-NBOMe safe for use?
The safety of 25N-NBOMe is uncertain. It is often associated with life-threatening toxicity and adverse effects, including neurotoxicity and cardiotoxicity. Its use can lead to severe health issues and, in some cases, fatalities.
4. How is 25N-NBOMe typically consumed?
25N-NBOMe is typically sold as a street drug, used by ingesting or smoking. However, it is crucial to note that the consumption of this substance is associated with significant risks, and its legality varies by country.
5. Is 25N-NBOMe legal?
The legal status of 25N-NBOMe varies by country. It is categorized as an illegal substance in some places, while in others, it may not be explicitly regulated. Always check your local laws and regulations to understand the legal status in your area.
6. Are there any known health risks associated with 25N-NBOMe?
25N-NBOMe is often linked to severe health risks, including life-threatening toxicity, neurotoxicity, and cardiotoxicity. Consumption can result in symptoms like vasoconstriction, hypertension, tachycardia, hallucinations, agitation, seizure, hyperthermia, and more.
7. Can 25N-NBOMe be confused with other substances?
Yes, it has been reported that NBOMe compounds are sometimes sold as other drugs like LSD, especially on blotter paper. Users may believe they are taking one substance but unknowingly consume 25N-NBOMe, which can be dangerous due to its unpredictability and potency.
8. What are the long-term effects of 25N-NBOMe use?
Due to limited documentation, the long-term effects of 25N-NBOMe still need to be discovered. It’s essential to understand that the potential risks and consequences of its use may need to be fully comprehended.
9. How is 25N-NBOMe different from LSD?
While 25N-NBOMe and LSD are hallucinogenic substances, they have different safety profiles and effects. 25N-NBOMe is known for its high potency and increased risks, while recreational doses of LSD have generally resulted in fewer cases of acute toxicity.
10. What should I do if I suspect someone has consumed 25N-NBOMe and is experiencing adverse effects?
If you suspect someone has ingested 25N-NBOMe and is displaying adverse effects or symptoms, seeking immediate medical attention is crucial. There are no specific antidotes for NBOMe compounds, so treatment addresses symptoms and complications to ensure the person’s safety.
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- Alabama Senate Bill SB 333: Controlled Substances
- A Daath.hu kiegészítése a BSZKI “designer jogi listáján” nem szereplő, de az UP jegyzék 1.-4. szerkezeti leírásainak megfelelő, illetve az 5. felsorolásában szereplő néhány anyagról
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