25D-NBOMe, also known as NBOMe-2C-D, stems from the phenethylamine-derived hallucinogen 2C-D. Functioning similarly to its counterparts like 25I-NBOMe, this compound acts as a potent stimulator at the 5HT2A receptor. Since it emerged as a street drug in 2010, 25D-NBOMe has exhibited comparable impacts on human physiology, as observed with 25I-NBOMe and 25C-NBOMe. Due to concerns regarding its recreational utilization, the UK classified 25D-NBOMe as a Temporary Class Drug on June 10, 2013.
|CompTox Dashboard (EPA)||DTXSID601014189|
|Chemical and physical data|
|Molar mass||315.413 g·mol−1|
Toxicity and harm potential
The NBOMe compounds are frequently linked with life-threatening toxicity and fatalities. Scientific research on the NBOMe family has highlighted their neurotoxic and cardiotoxic nature. Individuals consuming NBOMe compounds often experience autonomic dysfunction, resulting in vasoconstriction, hypertension, tachycardia, and hallucinations. In addition, symptoms like agitation, seizure, hyperthermia, diaphoresis, hypertonia, rhabdomyolysis, and even death have been reported.
One alarming trend is the misrepresentation of NBOMe and NBOHs as LSD on blotter papers, leading to accidental ingestion. These compounds’ bitter taste and distinctive safety profiles differentiate them from LSD. Despite the higher potency of NBOMes, LSD consumption at recreational doses has resulted in far fewer cases of acute toxicity. Fatalities associated with NBOMe intoxication often stem from individuals mistakenly believing they were ingesting LSD.
The long-term effects of NBOMe consumption remain largely unknown due to limited documentation. These compounds are typically not active orally and are administered sublingually, often causing tongue numbness and a metallic chemical taste. Some NBOMe compounds’ neurotoxic and cardiotoxic effects have been demonstrated in studies, indicating their potential harm to neuronal and cardiac health. Although no specific antidotes exist for NBOMes, acute intoxication is managed through symptomatic treatments and interventions such as benzodiazepines, antipsychotic drugs, and antiarrhythmic agents. Immediate attention to complications like rhabdomyolysis prevents critical outcomes such as metabolic acidosis and acute kidney injury.
25D-NBOMe was classified as a controlled substance in China as of October 2015.
In Sweden, Sveriges Riksdag designated 25D-NBOMe as a Schedule I narcotic, categorizing it under substances with no recognized medical use, effective from August 1, 2013. The Medical Products Agency published this regulation as LVFS 2013:15, specifying 25D-NBOMe as 2-(2,5-dimethoxy-4-methylphenyl)-N-(2-methoxybenzyl)ethanamine.
This substance is considered a Class A drug in the United Kingdom due to its inclusion in the N-benzyl phenethylamine clause outlined in the Misuse of Drugs Act 1971.
At the federal and state levels, 25D-NBOMe remains unregulated. However, its classification under the Federal Analog Act could be considered under certain circumstances, given its structural and functional resemblance to the controlled substance 2C-D.
1. What is 25D-NBOMe?
- 25D-NBOMe is a derivative of the hallucinogenic compound 2C-D, belonging to the NBOMe family of drugs. It is known for its potent effects on the 5HT2A receptor, leading to hallucinogenic experiences.
2. What are the effects of 25D-NBOMe on the human body?
- 25D-NBOMe is reported to induce effects similar to other compounds in the NBOMe family, including hallucinations, sympathomimetic toxicity (such as vasoconstriction, hypertension, and tachycardia), and autonomic dysfunction. It is important to note that consumption of this compound has been associated with life-threatening toxicity and fatalities.
3. How is 25D-NBOMe regulated in different countries?
- 25D-NBOMe is a controlled substance in various countries, including China, Sweden, and the United Kingdom. In the United States, it remains unregulated at the federal and state levels, although it may be subject to specific regulations under the Federal Analog Act.
4. Are there any known long-term effects of 25D-NBOMe?
- Due to limited documentation, the long-term effects of 25D-NBOMe consumption still need to be discovered. Researchers continue exploring its potential impacts on neuronal and cardiac health, but comprehensive data on its long-term effects must be available.
5. What should I do if I suspect someone has ingested 25D-NBOMe?
- If you suspect someone has ingested 25D-NBOMe, it is crucial to seek immediate medical assistance. Given the potential for life-threatening complications, prompt medical intervention is essential. Inform medical professionals about the specific substance ingested to facilitate appropriate treatment.
6. How does 25D-NBOMe differ from other hallucinogens?
- 25D-NBOMe is known for its structural and functional resemblance to other compounds, such as 2C-D and 25I-NBOMe. However, its unique effects and potential toxicities differentiate it from other commonly known hallucinogens, and it has garnered attention due to its vigorous agonist activity at various receptors.
7. What precautions should one take when handling 25D-NBOMe?
- Handling 25D-NBOMe or any related substances should be done with extreme caution. Avoiding accidental ingestion, ensuring proper storage, and adhering to relevant legal regulations regarding its use and distribution are essential precautions to observe.
8. Can 25D-NBOMe be used for any medicinal purposes?
- As of current knowledge, there are no recognized medical uses for 25D-NBOMe. Research into its potential therapeutic applications is limited, and its use is primarily associated with recreational purposes, often leading to serious health risks.
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